Survey and Molecular Characterization of Sarcocystidae protozoa in Wild Cricetid Rodents from Central and Southern Chile

OYARZÚN-RUIZ P, RS THOMAS, AM SANTODOMINGO, JE URIBE, MM ARDILA, DM ECHEVERRY, S MUÑOZ-LEAL, MC SILVA-DE LA FUENTE, M LOYOLA, CJ PALMA, C LANDAETA-AQUEVEQUE & A HENRÍQUEZ

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article publicada [Aves , Micromamíferos]

OYARZÚN-RUIZ P, RS THOMAS, AM SANTODOMINGO, JE URIBE, MM ARDILA, DM ECHEVERRY, S MUÑOZ-LEAL, MC SILVA-DE LA FUENTE, M LOYOLA, CJ PALMA, C LANDAETA-AQUEVEQUE & A HENRÍQUEZ (2023) Survey and Molecular Characterization of Sarcocystidae protozoa in Wild Cricetid Rodents from Central and Southern Chile. Animals 13(3): doi: 10.3390/ani13132100.

https://doi.org/10.3390/ani13132100

Abstract

Abstract: In Chile, studies of parasites from the family Sarcocystidae (Apicomplexa) have mostly been related to domestic animals. We aimed to assess the presence of Sarcocystidae taxa in cricetid rodents from Central and Southern Chile. We studied 207 rodents, encompassing six species, from 13 localities. We isolated DNA from tissue samples, amplified the Sarcocystidae 18S rRNA gene with polymerase chain reaction, and performed phylogenetic analyses using maximum likelihood and Bayesian inferences. In addition, we examined blood smears and performed histological studies in organs from Sarcocystidae DNA-positive animals. Three specimens were DNA-positive and three genotypes were retrieved and named: Sarcocystis sp. P61, related to Sarcocystis strixi, was detected in two Abrothrix olivacea. Toxoplasmatinae gen. sp. P99 was retrieved from those same two specimens, and was related to Toxoplasma and other genera, although it branched independently. Besnoitia sp. R34 was detected in one Abrothrix hirta, and was clustered with congeneric species associated with rodents. No protozoa were found during microscopic studies; thus, it was not possible to confirm parasitic interactions rather than accidental encounters. However, the close relatedness of the retrieved genotypes to parasites of rodents supports the hypothesis of host–parasite associations. All three genotypes are suggested as potential new taxa, including a putative new genus.



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